A biography of the early life of german dictator adolf hitler
He didn't exercise and didn't like sports. Hitler hoped to use the crisis conditions to stage his own overthrow of the Berlin government.
Eva Braun , whom he had recently married, also took her own life. Reichstag Fire Though the Nazis never attained more than 37 percent of the vote at the height of their popularity in , Hitler was able to grab absolute power in Germany largely due to divisions and inaction among the majority who opposed Nazism. Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page. As part of Hitler's "Final Solution," the genocide enacted by the regime would come to be known as the Holocaust. German troops made it all the way to the English Channel, forcing British and French forces to evacuate en masse from Dunkirk in late May. The commander-in-chief as a failed mastermind The weaknesses of Hitler's personality became clear through his role as commander-in-chief, according to Ullrich. By the end of June, the other parties had been intimidated into disbanding. He founded the Gestapo, the Secret State Police, and served as Luftwaffe commander until just before the war's end, though he increasingly lost favor with Hitler. They were subject to starvation, torture and horrific brutalities, including gruesome and painful medical experiments. He finally left formal education altogether in and began his long years of aimless existence, reading, painting, wandering in the woods, and dreaming of becoming a famous artist. Other persecuted groups included Poles, communists, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses and trade unionists. After his release, Hitler reconstituted the party around a group of loyal followers who were to remain the center of the Nazi movement and state. The experience reinforced his passionate German patriotism, and he was shocked by Germany's surrender in Prisoners were used as forced laborers for SS construction projects, and in some instances they were forced to build and expand concentration camps. Hitler was deeply affected by the death of his younger brother Edmund, who died in from measles.
With the government in chaos, three successive chancellors failed to maintain control, and in late January Hindenburg named the year-old Hitler as chancellor, capping the stunning rise of an unlikely leader.
He first annexed Austria as part of Germany and then took over part of Czechoslovakia. Interrupting Kahr's speech, he announced that the national revolution had begun and declared the formation of a new government with Ludendorff.
Hitler's Foreign Policy InGermany was diplomatically isolated, with a weak military and hostile neighbors France and Poland.
The son of an extremely strong-willed Austrian customs official, his early youth seems to have been controlled by his father until his death in He also served as Chief of Police and Minister of the Interior, thereby controlling all of the Third Reich's security forces.
Hitler fled quickly, but he and other rebel leaders were later arrested.
The invading force seized a huge area of Russia before Hitler temporarily halted the invasion and diverted forces to encircle Leningrad and Kiev. The sudden invasion of Poland was immediately followed by the destroying of Jews and the Polish elite, and the beginnings of German colonization. Five days later, on May 7, , Germany surrendered unconditionally to the Allies. Most horrifying was Hitler's installment of the "final solution" of imprisoning and eventually destroying all Jewish men, women, and children in Himmler's concentration camps. But after January , he holed up in a bunker beneath the Chancellery in Berlin. By the end of June, the other parties had been intimidated into disbanding. At that point in the conflict, Hitler shifted his central strategy to focus on breaking the alliance of his main opponents Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union by forcing one of them to make peace with him. Here they are outside Israel's Department Store in Berlin. Hitler announced that the national revolution had begun and declared the formation of a new government. The treaty ceded the Sudetenland districts to Germany, reversing part of the Versailles Treaty. Joseph Goebbels's — extensive propaganda machine and Heinrich Himmler's — police system perfected the complete control of Germany. Hitler personally designed the Nazi party banner, appropriating the swastika symbol and placing it in a white circle on a red background. He was responsible for starting World War II , which resulted in the deaths of more than 50 million people. Likewise, Hitler's rule was demonstrated most impressively in the great Nazi mass rally of in Nuremberg, Germany, where millions marched in unison and saluted Hitler's theatrical appeals. Like other German nationalists, he purportedly believed that the German army had been betrayed by civilian leaders and Marxists.
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