The three green candles, representing Nia, Ujima, and Imani, are placed to the right of the Umoja candle, while the three red candles, representing Kujichagulia, Ujamaa, and Kuumba, are placed to the left of it.
Black is the people, the earth, the source of life, representing hope, creativity, and faith and denoting messages and the opening and closing of doors. The National Retail Federation has sponsored a marketing survey on winter holidays sinceand in found that 1.
Kwanzaa celebratory symbols include a mat Mkeka on which other symbols are placed: a Kinara candle holderMishumaa Saba seven candlesmazao cropsMahindi corna Kikombe cha Umoja unity cup for commemorating and giving shukrani thanks to African Ancestors, and Zawadi gifts. The illuminating fire of the candles is a basic element of the universe, and every celebration and festival includes fire in some form.
Kinara: The Candleholder The kinara is the center of the Kwanzaa setting and represents the original stalk from which we came: our ancestry.
We exchange the gifts with members of our immediate family, especially the children, to promote or reward accomplishments and commitments kept, as well as with our guests.
The name Kwanzaa is derived from the phrase "matunda ya kwanza" which means "first fruits" in Swahili, a Pan-African language which is the most widely spoken African language. Vibunzi: Ear of Corn The stalk of corn represents fertility and symbolizes that through the reproduction of children, the future hopes of the family are brought to life.
The number of candles burning also indicate the principle that is being celebrated. The last few ounces of the libation are poured into the cup of the host or hostess, who sips it and then hands it to the oldest person in the group, who asks for the blessing.
Mkeka: Place Mat The mkeka, made from straw or cloth, comes directly from Africa and expresses history, culture, and tradition.