The nature and function of leadership
Leadership is a process of influence.
The different types of leadership may be discussed under the following heads:. It is the capacity to set new goals, to hold forth new and loftier expectations for the group and to show the group its noble potentialities that make man a leader.
Ideally, people should be encouraged to develop not only willingness to work but also a willingness to work with confidence and zeal.
Types of leadership
Resources are usually limited in any situation, and the leader must control what happens by being efficient about getting the maximum results from the available resources. But this style of leadership may sometimes cause delay in decisions and lead to indiscipline in workers. The followers follow the leader because they recognise that without leadership the goals of the group would not be achieved. The leader enjoys great authority and power in the group. The tendency is to think of authoritarianism in its most extreme form of headship, and denounce all forms of individual authority over others. He recognized the organisation as a social system made up of interrelated work groups having group loyalties. According to Van Tunglein, the qualities of a leader are that he is i interested in the people; Iii interesting to the people; and iii interested with the people in the solution of their problems.
The leader is expected to keep his word, to stick by the members, to uphold the group norms or values. A leader in the class may not be a leader in the playground. No one person has all the leadership functions.
Link between Management and Workers: A leader works as a necessary link between the management and the workers.
He also enjoys great prestige.
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